When making an export, depending on the destination and the agreement with the customer, the company uses different means of export, each with its respective advantages, disadvantages and characteristics
MARITIME TRANSPORTATION: Applies to maritime waterways, or inland waterways such as rivers or lakes. Port to Port is contracted through cargo agents or shippers. The cargo is shipped in specialized containers for which it must be consolidated. It is the means of transport par excellence; is the one that allows transferring great weights and volumes of solid or liquid merchandise, has increased the speed of transport, in the last years.
Advantages: lower fares, bulk transport of large volumes, diversity and specialization of ships, has no restrictions for dangerous products.
Disadvantages: low speed, insurance and more expensive packaging, port costs, high risks of Looting and deterioration, more spaced frequencies.
AIR NAVIGATION: It is the means of transport used when long (intercontinental) voyages are to be carried, to transport goods of value and in case of urgent or special trips. What has become attractive in air freight is the speed for urgent shipments, perishable materials and high unit value, ease of control and monitoring, security, space reservation, transshipment possibilities and internationality in the use of the airspace of some countries by another. Airport to Airport is contracted through air cargo agents. The cargo is loose and is shipped by quotas or positions.
Advantages: Speed, Reliability, Safety, lower insurance costs.
Disadvantages: It is the most expensive; limited capacity, restricted for certain hazardous products.
GROUND TRANSPORT: This means of transport has been gaining ground in the last 20 years. Among its advantages, we can highlight the variety in lines and types of vehicles, the greater flexibility that allows vehicles to transport any amount, any type and any size of cargo, lower costs and less damage to cargo. If you are looking to export a something like a travel jacket, this is a great option to do it
The essential characteristics of road transport are basically the following:
• Penetration: allows performing a service to the client’s door
• Flexibility: This feature refers to the ability of road vehicles to transport small packages or large volumes (special transports). In turn, all kinds of products can be transported: solid, liquid or gaseous.
• Speed: The facilities of loading and unloading, the freedom of organizing schedules and the speed of the vehicles themselves, make this medium very suitable for urgent shipments.